The Republic of Hungary is located in Central Europe and is surrounded by mountains on almost all sides. With the fall of the Iron Curtain, it developed as a free democracy. After various reforms, it became an independent state with a market economy in 1989.


The Hungarian population is quite homogeneous. According to the 2001 census, ethnic Hungarians make up 92% of the population. The largest minority group is the Roma (“Gypsies”), numbering between 400,000 and 600,000 Hungarians.

Social and economic situation

Although Hungary’s economic status has stabilized and the upper middle class has opportunities to advance, about 1/3 of the population still lives in poverty and hundreds struggle daily to meet the basic necessities of life. The lower middle class and the periphery are getting poorer by the day.

The situation of Roma/Gypsies in society is difficult and has only worsened since the fall of communism. The level of education is low, unemployment is high. There is a vicious circle of poverty, crime and discrimination here.

De Roma bevolking in Hongarije

De economic situation in Hungary

96% of companies in Hungary are SMEs (less than 10 employees), a higher percentage than in most OECD countries. The majority of these belong to the craft and retail sectors. Entrepreneurial capacity is limited. There is also a lack of practical and relevant innovation and too little knowledge about dealing with finances.

Partner(s) in Hongary

  • Dorcas in Hongary

    Dorcas in Hongary

    Dorcas Ministries Hungary (DMH) is an interdenominational aid organization in Hungary, dedicated to serving the poor and oppressed. They work in 15 settlements and join forces with 40 churches and organizations to realize their projects for the benefit of Hungarians living in the country and beyond. The main target groups are poor families, children in…

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